IndII’s Transport program addresses two areas of critical need in the road sector :
Provincial Road Maintenance
Of Indonesia’s ± 480,000-km network, 49,000 kms are provincial roads, carrying a fifth of all vehicle-km. Some 90 percent of national roads are in good/fair condition but almost a third of provincial roads are not, the result of premature deterioration brought about by poor-quality construction and lack of maintenance.
Unlike other donor programs that focus on rehabilitation and reconstruction, IndII’s Provincial Road Improvement and Maintenance program (PRIM) targets road maintenance, using Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB) as a pilot. It aims to improve the way provincial governments manage and maintain their networks on a sustainable basis. PRIM’s carrot-and-stick approach uses Australia-Indonesia Infrastructure Grants (eventually to be replaced by central government transfers) as an incentive: 40 percent of the deemed cost of works pre-financed by NTB are reimbursed if it is verified that the work was carried out as planned, using agreed procedures and meeting agreed standards. This incentive is reinforced by public scrutiny of maintenance plans and outcomes.
National Road Network Development
60 percent of the 38,570km national road network urgently needs upgrading to accommodate three-to-fivefold traffic growth by 2030: some 7,300 km of new expressways (at an estimated cost of Rp 640 trillion), as well as upgraded arterial roads (Rp 300 trillion). They need to be built to higher standards, to last longer. This will require new ways of financing and delivering a program that is far larger than has been achieved to date.
IndII's national roads (NR) assistance has three sub-components: NR Policy concentrates on the institutional, financing and regulatory changes needed to deliver the expressway program, including private-sector participation and new, innovative forms of project delivery. NR Planning is providing new network planning tools and, using these, preparing a master plan of prioritised expressway and road improvement projects. NR Delivery is helping to raise design, construction and supervision quality standards following lessons learned from the Australian Government-supported Eastern Indonesia National Road Improvement Program, and is strengthening accountability and capacity for life-cycle asset management at the Balai level. All three sub-components mark a radical departure from the status quo and are essential to DGH's transition to a modern network development and management agency.
Up to June 2015, IndII’s road safety program has involved (i) capacity-building in the Directorate General of Highways and the Traffic Police, including support for a program of road safety audits and black-spot treatments; and (ii) under the Indonesia Urban Road Safety Program, preparation of plans and designs for integrated road safety treatments in Medan, Pekanbaru, Bandung and Denpasar as possible models for technical cooperation between the Directorate General of Land Transport (under the Ministry of Transport) and local city governments.